Tor·que·ma·da (tôrk-mäd, tôrk-mää), Tomás de 1420-1498. Spanish Dominican friar who was appointed grand inquisitor by Pope Innocent VIII (1487). Under his authority, thousands of Jews, suspected witches, and others were killed or tortured during the Spanish Inquisition.

martes, 16 de febrero de 2010

Fifth Generation Jet Fighters by FIX

Fifth generation jet fighters
These aircraft are, as of 2009, the current state of the art. Many are still in the design stage and only the F-22 Raptor is currently in service.
In Service
United States
Lockheed Martin / Boeing F-22 Raptor RCS: 0.0002 m^2[8]
Under Development
People's Republic of China
Shenyang J-XX (IOC planned for 2017 to 2019)[9][10]
Medium Combat Aircraft[11][12]
Russia/ India
Sukhoi/HAL FGFA (derivative of Sukhoi PAK FA. Maiden flight of PAK FA prototype achieved on January 29, 2010)[13][14][15]
Sukhoi PAK FA (maiden flight of prototype achieved on January 29,2010, IOC planned for 2013)[13][16]
Mikoyan-Gurevich LMFS project 1.27
United States/ United Kingdom/ Italy/ Netherlands/ Canada/ Australia/ Denmark/ Norway/ Turkey
Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II (maiden flight achieved in 2006) RCS: 0.0015 m^2
Technology demonstrators
Mitsubishi ATD-X (maiden flight expected in 2014)
United States
Lockheed Martin YF-22 (maiden flight in 1990)
Northrop YF-23 Black Widow II (maiden flight in 1990)
Boeing Bird of Prey (maiden flight achieved in 1996)
McDonnell Douglas X-36 (maiden flight in 1997)
Lockheed Martin X-35 (maiden flight in 2000)
Boeing X-32 JSF (X-32A maiden flight in 2000, X-32B maiden flight in 2001)
See also
List of military aircraft
Category:Lists of military aircraft
a b Chengdu Aircraft Corporation, famous for developing the fourth-generation J-10 fighter
^ P. Parameswaran, "U.S., Russia, China Vying To Sell Fighters in Asia", Defense News ( homepage), published 23 Mar 11:47 EDT (15:47 GMT), URL:, retrieved 05 November 2009. Quote from article: "Pakistan, for example, is co-developing a very low cost fourth-generation FC-1 fighter with China..."
^ CRS RL33543, Tactical Aircraft Modernization: Issues for Congress July 09, 2009
^ Some sources refer to Rafales fielded with all of these modifications as Rafale F4s, but the type has not been formally defined yet.
^ India declares indigenous combat jet a success
^ F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) Lightning II
^ 凤凰军事网, 中国空军副司令首曝:国产第四代战机即将首飞 November 09, 2009 English translation using Google Translate:]
^ China may complete the realization and enter its fifth generation fighter stealth into service within the next 8-10 years.
^ "India starts to work on a new aircraft MCA"
^ "Poster in Aero-India 2009 Showing MCA's Features"
a b "Russia draws back veil of secrecy with peek at future fighter". RIA Novosti. Retrieved 29 January 2010.
^ Russia's fifth-generation fighter jets to start trials
^ India, Russia close to PACT on next generation fighter
^ "Russia draws back veil of secrecy with peek at future fighter". RIA Novosti. Retrieved 29 January 2010.

Fernando IX University

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